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Verify All Operating Course of in Linux

As a system administrator, you may must examine all of the processes which are consuming your pc’s sources.

To get the listing of all of the operating processes, run the ps command with aux argument flags within the following vogue:

ps aux

This offers you a listing of all operating processes by all customers in your system. Chances are you’ll use grep to filter the method utilizing a sample.

Let’s examine about utilizing it intimately. I am going to additionally share different instructions to point out operating processes in Linux.

ps command

The ps command is the usual command that almost all sysadmins use in a UNIX-like working system.

There are a number of choices that you should use with the ps command, however the set of choices to make use of once you desire a listing of all processes is aux.

So, operating the next command will present me all processes on my system:

ps -A

Or, you should use the BSD-style syntax, that are nonetheless out there in GNU ps

ps aux

Lets break it down…

  • a : Show details about different customers’ processes in addition to of the person’s personal (if the processes are related to terminals i.e. daemons get excluded)
  • u : Show in a person readable format
  • x : Embrace processes that aren’t related to a terminal i.e. embrace daemons

This offers you an extremely lengthy listing of operating processes that had been operating on the time of executing the ps command.

Most individuals, together with me, pipe this output in grep to discover a needle within the haystack.

$ ps aux | grep alacritty
pratham    4653  0.1  0.0 596776 63856 ?        RNsl Mar09   3:43 alacritty
pratham    4974  0.0  0.0 592792 58892 ?        SNsl Mar09   0:18 alacritty
pratham    6287  0.0  0.0 590204 56308 ?        SNsl Mar09   0:14 alacritty
pratham    8241  0.0  0.0 585504 51956 ?        SNsl Mar09   0:07 alacritty
pratham  514536  0.0  0.0  18808  2572 pts/1    SN+  13:56   0:00 /usr/bin/grep --color=auto alacritty

Discover how the grep command was additionally included within the output. It is because it additionally has ‘alacritty’ within the course of identify (because the argument).

Be cautious of this behaviour [that grep will be included in the output] in case you use it in a script.


The one distinction between utilizing ps aux and ps -A is that once you use ps aux, you possibly can simply grep the person, or alternatively, use the -u possibility. No matter works for you.

Let’s examine another Linux instructions to see operating processes.

pgrep command

The pgrep command accepts a sample to match and if there are any processes that match with the offered sample, a course of ID (PID) is returned to stdout.

Beneath is the syntax to make use of for pgrep command:

pgrep <sample>

For example, for instance, I wish to see the PIDs of any course of which have the identify ‘alacritty’. I’d use the next command for that:

$ pgrep alacritty

As I ran that command, I bought 4 PIDs indicating that 4 processes match with the sample ‘alacritty’ and their PIDs are outputted to the stdout.

You can even use the -u flag (versus u) together with ps command to specify a selected person and filter out the outcomes, making it simpler to handle.

There is perhaps a number of customers on my pc utilizing Vim, person pratham and root. If I wish to filter processes and solely wish to see if pratham has an energetic Vim course of or not, right here is how I discover it out.

$ ps -u pratham | grep vim
 516525 pts/2    SNl+   0:00 nvim

pstree command

The pstree command, as its identify implies, reveals a hierarchical view of mum or dad processes and youngster processes.

partial output of pstree command

When run, the pstree will present a top-down, tree-like construction output of processes as proven within the image above.

You can even notice that the PID 1 is systemd, indicating that my Linux system makes use of systemd.

Since there may be not a lot details about PID, person, begin time, CPU utilization and many others, it isn’t precisely a “go-to” command. But it surely nonetheless helps to know which youngster course of belongs to which mum or dad course of.

Use a system monitor

Any UNIX-like system could have a device that you should use to observe the utilization of bodily sources like CPU, RAM, Community and many others.

A number of instruments that individuals choose and are broadly used are high, atop, htop and btop.

Right here is the output of high command operating on my pc. It reveals info like whole duties, CPU and Reminiscence utilization.

picture of top command running

The atop command differs from high, clearly, nevertheless it additionally reveals far more details about the processes like CPU, RAM utilization, I/O and many others.

picture of atop command running

The htop utility is a broadly used useful resource monitoring utility to get a real-time bar of per-core CPU utilization, RAM and swap.

picture of htop command running

Lastly, btop is among the latest addition to the system useful resource utilization monitoring utilities. The most effective factor about it’s that we get a historical past of CPU utilization.

picture of btop command running


This text covers how one can view the processes operating in your pc. And there are a number of strategies of viewing it. However, essentially the most most popular methodology is to make use of the ps command.

If you’d like an interactive view of the operating processes (sorted by CPU utilization or RAM utilization and many others), you should use a system monitor like high or htop.



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