In this article, we will walk you through how to install Ubuntu Server 22.04.1 LTS step by step.
What is Ubuntu Server?
Ubuntu Server is one of the most popular Linux server-based operating systems that continues to touch the pinnacles of success. It is best known for its compatibility with the cloud and with containers. It is developed and owned by Canonical.
Following are some of the updates and releases in the Ubuntu Server 22.04.1 LTS.
- Canonical support for 10 years until 2032
- Cloud images for AWS, Azure, and GCP
- Apache Kafka, Grafana, and Loki joined the growing portfolio of trusted OCI images.
- OpenSSL 3.0 for modern, general-purpose cryptography and secure communication
- Native host and guest drivers for NVIDIA virtual GPU (vGPU) software 14
- The latest long-term Linux 5.15 kernel for the recent hardware and security updates
- Updates to QEMU (v6.2), libvirt (v8.0), PHP (v8.1), Ruby (v3.0), GCC (V11.2), Python (v3.10.1), MySQL (v8.0.28), OpenLDAP (v.2.5.11), and Samba 4.15.5
- It runs on all major architectures: x86-64, ARM v7, ARM64, POWER8, POWER9, IBM s390x (LinuxONE), and RISC-V.
- Many more
Minimum System Requirements
- RAM: 4GB
- CPU: 2GHz dual core processor
- Storage: 25GB disk space or more
- USB Drive: 4GB or more
- Internet connectivity: Optional
Ubuntu Server 22.04.1 LTS Installation
To install the Ubuntu Server, you need to download the installation media image file. The most common way to install any operating system is to create a bootable USB flash drive and boot from the installation media.
1. Download Ubuntu Server 22.04.1 LTS ISO File
Download the Ubuntu Server image file from its official website.
After downloading the image file to your computer, burn it to a USB stick and make it a bootable USB stick. Follow the link below to make a bootable USB flash drive with the free Rufus software.
2. Boot Your Computer with Installation Media
Insert a USB stick into your computer and restart it. Most computers will automatically boot from a USB or DVD. If, in some cases, it does not boot from the installation media, then you have to change the boot order in the BIOS settings. Depending on the manufacturer, you have to press Escape, F2, F10, or F12 from the keyboard. Visit the manufacturer’s website for more information about the BIOS settings.
When the system boots up with the installation media, Select “Try or Install Ubuntu Server” and press enter.
The installation process started.
3. Select the Language
Select your preferred language and press enter.
4. Skip the Installer Update
If there is a new installer update available, the setup screen will show the options.
Select Update to the new installer or Continue without updating. In our case, we are selecting “Continue without updating” and then pressing enter.
5. Choose a Keyboard Layout
Select your preferred keyboard layout and press enter.
6. Select Installation Type
You will be asked to choose the base for the installation type. There are two options.
Ubuntu Server: It includes all the required softwares to run the Ubuntu Server.
Ubuntu Server (Minimized): It will have a minimum runtime footprint in environments where humans are not expected to login.
Select “Done“ and press enter.
7. Configure Network Connections
If your computer is connected to the modem or the switch, it will get an IP address automatically via DHCP. If the DHCP server is not enabled by default, you can assign the IP address manually.
Select “Done” and press enter.
8. Configure Proxy Settings
If you want to use an HTTP proxy to access the outside world, enter the proxy installation; otherwise, leave this blank. Select “Done” and press enter.
9. Configure Ubuntu Archive Mirror
Based on your current location, Ubuntu will automatically configure the Ubuntu archive mirror. If you don’t want the default Ubuntu archive mirror, you can change it. Select “Done” and press enter.
10. Choose the Storage Configuration
On the storage configuration, there are two options.
Use an entire disk: Selecting this option will erase the entire hard disk and automatically create a partition for you.
Custom storage layout: This option is not for the new Ubuntu user; it is for intermediate and advanced users. Here, you can create custom partitions for your Ubuntu server.
For those who are new to Ubuntu, we will recommend that you choose the first option, “Use an entire disk.”
Select “Done” and press enter.
As you can see in the below image, the installer has created two partitions: / and /boot. Select “Done” and press enter.
Select “Continue” and press Enter; it will write the changes to the disk.
11. Setup Your Profile
Specify your name, your server’s name, pick a username, choose a password, confirm your password, and then select “Done” and press enter.
12. Setup OpenSSH Server
Ubuntu gives you the option to connect a Ubuntu server remotely by setting up an OpenSSH server. You also have the option to import your SSH keys from GitHub or Launchpad.
If you don’t want to install OpenSSH server, you can uncheck this option and install OpenSSH server later on, after the installation of Ubuntu. We highly recommend using OpenSSH to manage your Ubuntu server remotely.
Select “Install OpenSSH server” and then select “Done” and press enter.
13. Install Featured Server Snaps
Choose the server snaps to install as per your requirements. Select “Done” and press enter.
14. Installation Started
The Ubuntu server installation process is started, and you can also view the full log during the installation.
To view the full log, select “View full log” and press enter.
15. Installation Completed
Once the installation is complete, it will ask you to reboot the server. Before rebooting the server, remove the USB stick from your machine; otherwise, Ubuntu might start the installation process again.
Select “Reboot Now” and press enter.
16. Login to Ubuntu Server
When the Ubuntu server is started after the reboot, it will ask you to provide a username and password to log on to the server.
Ubuntu Server is one of the most popular Linux-based server operating systems. In this blog post, we learned step-by-step how to install Ubuntu server. If you follow the steps mentioned in this article, you won’t have any issues while installing Ubuntu server.