Linux Ubuntu

Introduction

Ubuntu is a free and open-source Linux-based distribution based on Debian and powered by millions of desktops around the world. It is developed and maintained by Canonical.

Although Windows and macOS are the most popular desktop operating systems amongst users, Ubuntu is the best alternative because it allows you to do loads of customization that Windows and macOS do not provide.

All the essential applications, like an office suite, browsers, email, and media apps, come pre-installed, and thousands more games and applications are available in the Ubuntu Software Centre.

Ubuntu requires a little bit of a learning curve as compared to Windows and macOS, but it’s not difficult to use. It is free for personal and commercial use.

System Requirements

  • Processor: 2 GHz dual core processor
  • Memory: 4GB RAM (You can install on 1GB Ram also but virtual machine will slow down)
  • Hard Disk: 25 GB recommended and 8.5GB minimum
  • Good internet connection to download the image file

Download and make a bootable Linux Ubuntu Flash Drive

Visit the below website to download Linux Ubuntu’s latest 20.04.3 LTS image file for the desktop. We will use image file 20.04.01 which we downloaded a few months back.

https://ubuntu.com/download/desktop

Burn the ISO image file to a DVD or USB Flash Drive by using Rufus software.

https://rufus.ie/en/

To create a bootable USB flash drive with Rufus, follow the below link.

https://easytechhub.com/create-bootable-usb-with-rufus/

Installation of Linux Ubuntu

After creating a USB flash drive bootable media, insert the installation media, restart the computer, and change the boot order. The first boot device should be a USB flash drive.

1. Installation process started

How To Install Linux Ubuntu

2. Select “Install Ubuntu.” If you want to try Ubuntu before installing, then select Try Ubuntu.

How To Install Linux Ubuntu

3. Select the keyboard layout and click Continue.

How To Install Linux Ubuntu

4. Select normal installation and download updates while installing Ubuntu if you want to download the latest updates while installing Ubuntu and click Continue.

How To Install Linux Ubuntu

5. At installation type, we will let the operating system erase the disk and install Ubuntu, or else you can select something else and create a partition. Click “Install Now.”

How To Install Linux Ubuntu

6. Click Continue.

How To Install Linux Ubuntu

7. Select where you are from and click Continue.

8. Enter your name, the computer’s name, pick a username, provide a password and confirm the password, then click “Continue“. Wait for a few minutes while the installation process gets completed.

9. Type the password and press enter to login.

10. Linux Ubuntu Desktop.

Linux Ubuntu Update and Upgrade

After installing the Linux Ubuntu operating system, it’s time to check for updates and upgrade.

Why update operating system: Updates are very important for operating systems because they often include critical patches to security holes.

Why upgrade operating system: If you are running an outdated or old operating system, it will add new features to your devices and remove the outdated ones.

Ubuntu Linux will allow you to update and upgrade through the terminal or GUI.

Update through terminal

Login in to your Ubuntu Linux computer, right-click on the desktop, then click “Open in Terminal.”

To update the Linux Ubuntu distribution, type the following command and wait for the process to complete.

sudo apt-get update

To upgrade the Linux Ubuntu distribution, type the following command and wait for the process to complete. Restart if required.

sudo apt-get upgrade

Update & Upgrade through GUI

In search, type software and click Software & Update.

Under the Ubuntu Software tab, make sure Canonical supports free and open-source software, community-maintained free and open-source software, and propriety drivers for devices and software restricted by copyrights or legal issues are selected, then choose download from server.

Under the other software tab, make sure canonical partners are selected.

Go to the Updates tab, and select the appropriate options.

Conclusion

Linux Ubuntu is the best free open-source operating system for personal and commercial use. With Ubuntu, you will get loads of pre-installed open-source applications and many customization features are also available.

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By Feroz Khan

Feroz Khan works as a system administrator with more than 12 years of experience in information technology. He would like to share the knowledge with others that he has gained during his working experience.

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