Ubuntu is a free and open-source Linux-based distribution based on Debian and powered by millions of desktops around the world. It is developed and maintained by Canonical.
Although Windows and macOS are the most popular desktop operating systems amongst users, Ubuntu is the best alternative because it allows you to do loads of customization that Windows and macOS do not provide.
All the essential applications, like an office suite, browsers, email, and media apps, come pre-installed, and thousands more games and applications are available in the Ubuntu Software Centre.
Ubuntu requires a little bit of a learning curve as compared to Windows and macOS, but it’s not difficult to use. It is free for personal and commercial use.
- Processor: 2 GHz dual core processor
- Memory: 4GB RAM (You can install on 1GB Ram also but virtual machine will slow down)
- Hard Disk: 25 GB recommended and 8.5GB minimum
- Good internet connection to download the image file
Download and make a bootable Linux Ubuntu Flash Drive
Visit the below website to download Linux Ubuntu’s latest 20.04.3 LTS image file for the desktop. We will use image file 20.04.01 which we downloaded a few months back.
Burn the ISO image file to a DVD or USB Flash Drive by using Rufus software.
To create a bootable USB flash drive with Rufus, follow the below link.
Installation of Linux Ubuntu
After creating a USB flash drive bootable media, insert the installation media, restart the computer, and change the boot order. The first boot device should be a USB flash drive.
1. Installation process started
2. Select “Install Ubuntu.” If you want to try Ubuntu before installing, then select Try Ubuntu.
3. Select the keyboard layout and click Continue.
4. Select normal installation and download updates while installing Ubuntu if you want to download the latest updates while installing Ubuntu and click Continue.
5. At installation type, we will let the operating system erase the disk and install Ubuntu, or else you can select something else and create a partition. Click “Install Now.”
6. Click Continue.
7. Select where you are from and click Continue.
8. Enter your name, the computer’s name, pick a username, provide a password and confirm the password, then click “Continue“. Wait for a few minutes while the installation process gets completed.
9. Type the password and press enter to login.
10. Linux Ubuntu Desktop.
Linux Ubuntu Update and Upgrade
After installing the Linux Ubuntu operating system, it’s time to check for updates and upgrade.
Why update operating system: Updates are very important for operating systems because they often include critical patches to security holes.
Why upgrade operating system: If you are running an outdated or old operating system, it will add new features to your devices and remove the outdated ones.
Ubuntu Linux will allow you to update and upgrade through the terminal or GUI.
Update through terminal
Login in to your Ubuntu Linux computer, right-click on the desktop, then click “Open in Terminal.”
To update the Linux Ubuntu distribution, type the following command and wait for the process to complete.
sudo apt-get update
To upgrade the Linux Ubuntu distribution, type the following command and wait for the process to complete. Restart if required.
sudo apt-get upgrade
Update & Upgrade through GUI
In search, type software and click Software & Update.
Under the Ubuntu Software tab, make sure Canonical supports free and open-source software, community-maintained free and open-source software, and propriety drivers for devices and software restricted by copyrights or legal issues are selected, then choose download from server.
Under the other software tab, make sure canonical partners are selected.
Go to the Updates tab, and select the appropriate options.
Linux Ubuntu is the best free open-source operating system for personal and commercial use. With Ubuntu, you will get loads of pre-installed open-source applications and many customization features are also available.